The 9 best languages for crunching data _ fast company _ business + innovation best apps for iphone watch

The 9 best languages for crunching data _ fast company _ business + innovation best apps for iphone watch The top 50 companies in entertainment, media, sports, technology, and more. New workplaces, new food sources, new medicine—even an entirely new economic system. This story contains interviews with Michael Driscoll, CEO of Metamarkets; Paul Butler, data scientist at Chango and formerly at Facebook; and Niall O’Connor, vice president at Bank of America. The big data frenzy continues. Best rated apps for iphone 4 It’s permeating nearly every industry, flooding companies with more and more information, and making software dinosaurs such as Excel look more and more inept.

Best new apps for iphone 5s Data crunching is no longer just for nerds, and the need for sophisticated

analysis and powerful, real-time processing is greater than ever. So what are the best tools to sift through gigantic data sets? We talked to data hackers about their favorite languages and tool kits for hardcore data analysis. It would be downright negligent to start this list with any language other than R. Best apps for iphone photo editing It has been kicking around since 1997 as a free alternative to pricey statistical software, such as Matlab or SAS. But over the past few years, it’s become the golden child of data science—now a household name not only among nerdy statisticians, but also Wall Street traders, biologists, and Silicon Valley developers.

Best free entertainment apps for iphone Companies as diverse as Google, Facebook, Bank of America, and the New York Times all use R, as its commercial utility continues to spread. R has simple and obvious appeal.

Best 3d app for iphone 4 Through R, you can sift through complex data sets, manipulate data through sophisticated modeling functions, and create sleek graphics to represent the numbers, in just a few lines of code. Best t shirt design app for iphone It’s likened to a hyperactive version of Excel. R’s greatest asset is the vibrant ecosystem has developed around it: The R community is constantly adding new packages and features to its already rich function sets. Best apps for iphone 5 photo editing It’s estimated that more than 2 million people use R, and a recent poll showed that R is by far the most popular language in data science, used by 61% of respondents (followed by Python, with 39%). It’s also catching on on Wall Street.

Best free photo apps for iphone 5 Traditionally, banking analysts would pore over Excel files late into the night, but now R is increasingly being used for financial modeling, particularly as a visualization tool, says Niall O’Connor, vice president at Bank of America. Best free driving apps for iphone “R makes our mundane tables stand out,” he says. R is maturing into its role as a go-to language for data modeling, although it’s power becomes limited when a company needs to produce large-scale products, and some say it’s already being usurped by other languages.

“R is more about sketching, and not building,” says Michael Driscoll, CEO of Metamarkets. Best apps for iphone 5s free 2014 “You won’t find R at the core of Google’s page rank or Facebook’s friend suggestion algorithms. Best free golf apps for iphone Engineers will prototype in R, then hand off the model to be written in Java or Python.” Paul Butler famously used R to build a Facebook map of the world back in 2010, proving the rich visualization capabilities of the language.

Best free apps on iphone He doesn’t use R as often as he used to, though. “R is becoming a bit passé in industry, because it’s slow and clunky with large data sets,” said Butler.

If R is a neurotic, loveable geek, Python is its easygoing, flexible cousin. Best free apps for iphone 4s 2015 Python is rapidly gaining mainstream appeal as a hybrid of R’s fast, sophisticated data mining capability, and a more practical language to build products.

Best entertainment apps for iphone 4 Python is intuitive and easier to learn than R, and it’s ecosystem has grown dramatically in recent years, making it more capable of the statistical analysis previously reserved for R. “It’s the big one people in the industry are moving toward. Best workout apps for iphone 5s Over the past two years, there’s been a noticeable shift away from R and towards Python,” says Butler.

In data processing, there’s often a trade-off between scale and sophistication, and Python has emerged as a compromise. Best apps iphone 5 IPython notebook and NumPy can be used as a scratchpad for lighter work, while Python is a powerful tool for medium-scale data processing. Best office apps for iphone 4 Python also has the advantage of a rich data community, offering vast amounts of toolkits and features. Bank of America uses Python to build new products and interfaces within the bank’s infrastructure, but also to crunch financial data.

“Python is broad and flexible, so people flock to it,” says O’Donnell. Still, it’s not the highest-performance language, and only occasionally can it power large-scale, core infrastructures, says Driscoll. The best apps for iphone Julia The vast majority of data science today is conducted through R, Python, Java, MatLab, and SAS. Best apps for iphone 6 health But there’s still gaps to be filled, and Julia is one newcomer to watch.

Julia is still too arcane for widespread industry adoption. Best free music apps for iphone 5 But data hackers get giddy when talking about its potential to oust R and Python from their thrones. Best free entertainment apps for iphone Julia is a high-level, insanely fast and expressive language.

10 best apps for iphone 6 It’s faster than R, and potentially even more scaleable than Python, and fairly easy to learn. “It’s up and coming. Best apps for iphone to download music Eventually, you’ll be able to do anything you could have done in R and Python, in Julia,” says Butler. Youth is holding Julia back, for now. Best free apps on iphone The Julia data community is in its early stages, and more packages and tools are needed before it can viably compete with R or Python.

“It’s young, but it’s gaining steam and very promising,” says Driscoll. List of best apps for iphone 4s Java Java, and Java-based frameworks, are found deep in the skeletons of the biggest Silicon Valley tech companies. Best apps for iphone six plus “If you look inside Twitter, Linkedin, or Facebook, you will find that Java is the foundational language for all of their data engineering infrastructures,” says Driscoll. Java doesn’t provide the same quality of visualizations R and Python do, and it isn’t the best for statistical modeling.

Best ereader app for iphone But if you are moving past prototyping and need to build large systems, Java is often your best bet. Best nav app for iphone 4 Hadoop and Hive A flock of Java-based tools have popped up to meet the enormous demand for data processing. Best apps for iphone and android Hadoop has exploded as the go-to Java-based framework for batch processing. Best useful apps for iphone 4 Hadoop is slower than some other processing tools, but it’s insanely accurate and widely used for backend analysis.

Best apps iphone It pairs nicely with Hive, a query-based framework that runs on top. Best girly apps for iphone 4 Scala Scala is another Java-based language and, similar to Java, it’s increasingly becoming the tool for anyone doing machine learning at large scales, or building high-level algorithms. Best new free apps for iphone 6 It’s expressive, and also capable of building robust systems. “Java is like building in steel. Best free drawing apps for iphone Scala is like working with clay that you can then put into a kiln and turn into steel,” Driscoll says.

Best free art apps for iphone Kafka and Storm What about when you need rapid, real-time analytics? Kafka is your friend. Best apps for iphone 4s 2014 It’s been around for five years, but just recently became a popular framework for stream processing.

Kafka, which was born inside of Linkedin, is an ultra-fast query messaging system. 10 best free apps for iphone The downside to Kafka?

It’s too fast. Best racing apps for iphone 4 Operating in real time lends itself to error, and occasionally Kafka misses things. “There’s a trade-off between precision and speed,” says Driscoll.

Best free apps download iphone 4s “So all the big tech companies in the Valley use two pipelines: Kafka or Storm for real-time processing, and then Hadoop for batch processing system that will be slow but super-accurate.” Storm is another framework written in Scala, and it’s gaining enormous traction for stream processing in Silicon Valley. The best free apps for iphone 6 It was acquired into Twitter which, unsurprisingly, has a huge interest in rapid event processing.

MatLab has been around for eternity, and despite its price tag, it’s still widely used in very specific niches: research-intensive machine learning, signal processing, and image recognition, to name a few. Best apps for iphone Octave Octave is very similar to MatLab, except it’s free. Best apps for unlocked iphone Still, it’s rarely seen outside of academic signal processing circles.

Best apps iphone 4 GO GO is another newcomer that’s gaining steam. Best bible apps for iphone 4 It was developed by Google, loosely derives from C, and is gaining ground against rivals such as Java and Python for building robust infrastructures. Site: